Bamako, Mali: A timeline of disturbance in Mali given Jan 2012, after gunmen went on a sharpened uproar during a oppulance Radisson Blu hotel in a collateral Bamako holding hostages on Friday:
2012: Jihadists occupy north
17 January: Tuareg fighters from The National Movement for a Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and other rebels, some of whom recently returned from fighting for Moamer Kadhafi in Libya, launch an descent to seize several northern towns.
22 March: Mutinous Malian soldiers led by Captain Amadou Sanogo announce they have dismissed a Bamako government, observant it has unsuccessful to give a armed army a means to better a rebellion.
30 Mar – 1 April: Tuareg and Islamist rebels associated to Al-Qaeda in a Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) constraint capitals of a 3 northern regions: Kidal, Gao and Timbuktu. Several armed groups take partial in a descent alongside a Tuareg MNLA, including a Islamist Ansar Dine (Defenders of a Faith), Al-Qaeda appendage MUJAO (the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa), and members of AQIM. The Tuareg are fast suspended by a Islamists, who browbeat a northern region.
2013: France intervenes
11 January: The French infantry launch Operation Serval to behind a Malian army and expostulate behind a Islamists, who are pulling south towards Bamako.
From 14 Jan jihadists rush a northern cities after France carries out bombings and commits belligerent troops.
26-28 January: French-led infantry recapture Gao and Timbuktu. On a 30th, French infantry retake control of Kidal airport. The city is cumulative by some 1,800 Chadian infantry who arrive several days later.
2014: Kidal falls into insurgent hands
– May 21: MNLA militants explain control of Kidal and other northern towns after fighting with a army that kills several Malian soldiers.
On 24 May a Mali supervision signs a ceasefire understanding with 3 insurgent groups, including a Tuareg.
13 July: Operation Serval is transposed by Operation Barkhane, a broader descent opposite Islamist fighters that mobilises 3,000 French infantry in 5 north African countries from early August.
2015: Bamako attack
7 March: An conflict on a bar and grill in a heart of Bamako, a initial targeting westerners in a capital, leaves 5 passed — 3 Malians, one French inhabitant and a Belgian.
Al-Murabitoun, a jihadist organisation run by heading Algerian belligerent Mokhtar Belmokhtar, claims shortcoming for a massacre.
2015: Jihadist attacks spread
2 July: Militants kill 6 United Nations soldiers from Burkina Faso in an waylay southwest of Timbuktu on a highway to Goundam. The conflict is claimed by claimed by AQIM.
The UN force, MINUSMA, is charged with overseeing a assent settle sealed on May 15 by a government, afterwards on Jun 20 by Tuareg-led rebels.
3 August: Around 10 soldiers are killed in an conflict on their stay in a Timbuktu region, an attack claimed by AQIM.
7 August: A sum of 13 people die in a warrant encircle during a hotel in executive Mali that ends after supervision infantry charge a building.
20 November: Malian confidence army charge a oppulance Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako after gunmen seize 170 guest and staff in an ongoing hostage-taking that has left during slightest 3 people dead.