By Rakesh Dubbudu, Indiaspend.org
In Oct 2013, a Election Commission of India – underneath orders from a Supreme Court – introduced a choice to electorate to opinion for nothing of a candidates, by selecting a ‘None of a Above’ (NOTA) option. Though a successive state elections and a General Election in 2014 had this option, a new Bihar elections was a initial choosing after a NOTA pitch was introduced on a Electronic Voting Machines.
To everyone’s surprise, NOTA polled 2.5% of a sum vote, and NOTA count was some-more than a feat domain in 23 of a constituencies, according to an research of a Bihar Assembly choosing formula by Factly.in, a information broadcasting portal.
The Victory Margin
Though a choosing was billed as a tighten contest, a feat margins advise otherwise. Only 8 seats were won with a domain of reduction than 1,000 votes. Almost 87% of a seats were won with a domain of some-more than 5,000 votes and 70% of a seats were won with a domain of some-more than 10,000 votes. Close to 19% seats were won with a domain of some-more than 30,000 votes and 6 seats were won with a domain of some-more than 50,000 votes. In fact, all a 6 seats won with a domain of some-more than 50,000 votes went to a Grand Alliance (GA). NDA won usually 3 seats with a domain of some-more than 30,000 votes while a Grand Alliance won 41 seats with a domain of some-more than 30,000 votes.
The Victory Margin Of Alliances
The scale of a Grand Alliance’s feat was clear even in a feat margin. While a feat domain of a GA was an normal of 19,933 votes per seat, a feat domain of a NDA was usually an normal of 12,360 per seat. The LJP and a HAM have high feat margins since they won in usually 2 and 1 chair respectively. On a whole, a normal feat domain of a GA some-more than a normal feat domain of a NDA by about 7,500 votes.
The NDA came second in 175 seats and a losing domain was tighten to a feat domain of a GA. The normal losing domain of a NDA was 19,538 compared to a normal losing domain of 12,583 for a GA. The GA came second in 59 seats. The GA’s feat domain was some-more than a normal while a losing domain was reduction than a average.
BJP won half a seats with a domain of reduction than 10,000 votes
BJP won 30 of a 53 seats with reduction than a domain of a 10,000 votes or reduction than 5% of a votes polled in many constituencies. Unlike a BJP, all a parties of a GA won some-more than 70% of a seats with a domain of some-more than 10,000 votes. In fact, JD(U) won 47% of a seats with a domain of some-more than 20,000 votes.
Impact of NOTA
This is a initial choosing after a Election Commission of India (ECI) has introduced a NOTA symbol. The EVMs had a NOTA pitch along with a black of all a contesting parties independents. The NOTA pitch seems to have had an impact in this choosing with tighten to 9.5 lakh electorate opting for NOTA, that is 2.5% of a sum votes polled. This is some-more than a opinion polled by a HAM. In a 2014 Lok Sabha election, usually 1% of all a electorate chose NOTA when there was no symbol.
The feat domain in 23 seats was reduction than NOTA count
What is even some-more engaging is that a series of votes polled for NOTA was some-more than a feat domain in 23 seats or tighten to 10% of all a seats.
BJP won from 8 such seats while both a JD(U) and RJD won 6 such seats each. The top NOTA count was in Warisnagar subdivision where NOTA polled 9,551 votes (the domain of feat here was some-more than 50,000 votes). NOTA polled an normal of 4,000 votes in all a constituencies and polled some-more than 5,000 votes in 72 constituencies.
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