On his stirring space mission, Denmark’s initial astronaut—Andreas Mogensen—will sketch hulk lightning bolts and rumble clouds by a windows of a International Space Station as partial of DTU Space’s THOR project—named after a Viking God of thunder.
The images will yield new discernment into a simple production that means lightning. The researchers will also learn some-more about how thunderstorms ride H2O effluvium tighten to a Earth’s aspect to a top troposphere and into a stratospheric ozone layer, and how this affects climate.
“For a initial time ever, THOR will capacitate us to review measurements from a space hire with measurements from Earth. Among other things, a aim is to know how rumble storms ride H2O vapour, a rarely active hothouse gas. Over a prolonged term, this will revoke a turn of doubt in meridian models,” says Senior Consultant Torsten Neubert—head of THOR and a ASIM experiments during DTU Space.
Single-largest Danish space project
THOR is a partial of a ESA-led devise Atmosphere-Space interactions Monitor (ASIM), where DTU Space is obliged for systematic government and certain areas of instrument development.
ASIM is a single-largest Danish space devise to date, and a instruments will be mounted on a International Space Station in 2017. ASIM consists of dual cameras and dual photometers designed to magnitude during opposite wavelengths of manifest light. While ASIM observes a rumble storms destined downwards toward Earth, a THOR astronauts will indicate their cameras towards a horizon. The design is to rise THOR regulating a astronauts who follow in Andreas’ footsteps and to perform THOR measurements concurrently with ASIM.
Accurate continue forecasts
To assistance Andreas Mogensen devise a photographing from a space station, a group of researchers during DMI and DTU Space envision adult to 3 days in allege where there are clever thunderstorms. The information is transmitted once a day to Belgian User Science Operations Centre, that afterwards forwards it to a space station. Here, Andreas Mogensen is told when and from that window he can sketch images.
As a researchers are expected to have dual ten-minute regard periods, it is critical to yield Andreas Mogensen with an intensely accurate continue prediction.
“The plea is that there are small useful lightning information and no lightning prognoses. That is because we are looking during opposite continue forecasts in an bid to envision where there are expected to be aroused thunderstorms. Typically, these will start over Central and West Africa, Indonesia and Northern South America,” says Senior Researcher Martin Stendel from a Danish Meteorological Institute.