The U.S. electric energy zone consumed 677 million brief tons of spark in 2016, a lowest volume given 1984. Electric energy zone spark expenditure accounted for some-more than 93% of all spark consumed in a United States, and some-more than two-thirds of this spark was shipped possibly totally or in partial by rail. Most of a residue was shipped by barge, truck, or—for energy plants located nearby a spark mine—by conveyor.
Electric energy zone spark expenditure in 2016 was 35% reduce than in 2008, when U.S. spark prolongation reached a top level, though a share of spark shipped to a electric energy zone by rail (completely or in part) has consistently remained nearby 70%.
After rail, a subsequent dual many common modes of transporting spark are boat and truck. Both modes have accounted for about 10% of yearly spark shipments given 2008, though lorry shipments have decreased slightly, reaching 9% in 2016, while boat shipments have increasing slightly, reaching 13% in 2016.
The boost in boat trade coincides with a expansion of spark constructed in a Illinois Basin, that relies on shipments along a Ohio River and a tributaries for a poignant apportionment of a production. Slight declines in shipments by lorry coincide with declines in Appalachian prolongation that granted generating comforts a comparatively brief stretch from a mines. Many generators receiving shipments by lorry in a Appalachian segment have possibly sealed or significantly reduced their output.
The cost of transporting spark can change severely along opposite routes. In further to costs compared with a sold mode of transport, factors such as track length, accessibility of ride mode and supply source options, and a foe between spark and other line for ride can impact a travel cost.
The delivered cost of spark for all ride modes was $41.64 per ton in 2016, a decrease of 6% from 2015 and a second uninterrupted year of declines in a delivered cost of coal. Transportation costs have accounted for about 35% of a sum delivered cost of spark in new years.
More information from EIA’s spark and electricity attention surveys can be found in EIA’s outline of spark travel rates and in EIA’s interactive spark information browser and electricity information browser.
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