Over a past 35 years, California’s high-wage workers have seen solid increases in their paychecks. But low-wage workers, 4.8 million clever and about one-third of a state’s workforce, warranted reduction in inflation-adjusted dollars in 2014 than they did in 1979, according to a new research from UC Berkeley.
Berkeley researchers examining U.S. Census Bureau information during a campus’s Center for Labor Research and Education found that low-wage workers, tangible as those earning hourly salary of $13.63 or less, have seen solid declines in their inflation-adjusted shopping power. This low-wage workforce, scarcely three-quarters nonwhite and strong in dual industries — sell trade, and restaurants and other food services — has also turn comparison and some-more rarely educated.
Teens done adult 5 percent of low-wage workers in 2014, down from 16 percent in 1979, and 48 percent of low-wage earners in 2014 had attended some college, compared to 39 percent in 1979. The research also showed that 40 percent of a state’s low-wage workers in 2014 were foreign-born.
“We found that low-wage workers in California are comparison and some-more prepared than they were 30 years ago, and nonetheless they’ve seen low and even disappearing wages,” pronounced Annette Bernhardt, a visiting UC Berkeley highbrow of sociology and a comparison researcher during a center. “The story of flourishing inequality is not only about a tip 1 percent, it is also about a millions of low-wage workers and their families who onslaught with mercantile distrust each day.”
In 2013, a median income of low-wage workers’ families was $29,100, compared to $63,000 for all California families, a opening that has widened given 2000. From 2007 to 2011, families of low-wage workers perceived $14.3 billion in annual support from public-assistance programs such as a Earned Income Tax Credit, Medicaid and food stamps.Bernhardt and a study’s other authors, Ian Perry and Lindsay Cattell, found that a tip occupations of California’s low-wage workers are sell sales workers; cooks and food credentials workers; material-moving workers; and personal caring and childcare workers. About half are in Southern California.
The researchers published their research in draft form in Low-Wage Work in California: 2014 Chartbook, a initial book of an ongoing apparatus with a far-reaching operation of information about low-wage workers, their families and their jobs. The chartbook will be updated annually as new census data becomes available.
Source: UC Berkeley