Colombia’s President Says Peace Talks Overcame Late Surprise

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President Juan Manuel Santos, in New York on Friday, reached a breakthrough this week with Colombia’s largest insurgent group.

Malin Fezehai for The New York Times

When President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia met with a personality of his country’s largest riotous organisation this week to sign a outline of a understanding to finish some-more than 5 decades of war, he perceived an unsettling shock. At a final minute, he said, a insurgent leader, Rodrigo Londoño, attempted to behind out of a essential partial of a newly negotiated framework.

Mr. Santos pronounced that in their initial assembly ever, on Wednesday in Havana, Mr. Londoño, a personality of a Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, seemed to reject an agreement, negotiated usually a night before, to set a six-month deadline for a signing of a final settle to finish a war.

Recalling a partial on Friday during an talk in New York, Mr. Santos pronounced that Mr. Londoño questioned either his negotiators had indeed concluded to a six-month timetable, that Mr. Santos deliberate essential to completing a negotiations. He told Mr. Londoño that he had flown to Havana that day usually for a assembly since of a agreement on a timetable.

Mr. Santos pronounced that a dual group called in a negotiating teams and Mr. Santos addressed a rebels’ lead negotiator. “I said: ‘What is this? Did we not surprise this man about a deadline?’ And he said, ‘Yes, we did.’ ”

He pronounced Mr. Londoño afterwards corroborated down and concluded to go ahead. “That was a formidable moment,” Mr. Santos pronounced with a devious smile.

Mr. Santos pronounced that a insurgent personality feared that a supervision would use a deadline to force a guerrillas to make concessions during a final minute, though he positive him that he wanted usually to speed adult a finish of a talks. That smoothed over a impasse.

Besides a deadline, a dual sides announced on Wednesday that a rebels would start to palm over their weapons 60 days after a final assent understanding is signed.

And they pronounced that according to their simple agreement, insurgent leaders and troops officers who had committed tellurian rights violations and other gross crimes during a fight would be punished — a breakthrough on what had prolonged been an barrier to a final accord.

Mr. Santos pronounced that a punishment would embody apprehension in a special site that he described as “an stern installation” though “not a standard jail with black and white pajamas.”

Thousands of low-level FARC fighters would be postulated an freedom underneath a deal, though Mr. Santos pronounced that several dozen insurgent leaders would be theme to a punishment, presumably including Mr. Londoño. The rebels would be compulsory to confess to their crimes before a tribunal, and a disaster to do so could lead to some-more serious punishment.

On Friday, Human Rights Watch criticized a measure, observant it would “deny probity to thousands of victims of grave violations of tellurian rights and charitable law by permitting their abusers to shun suggestive punishment.”

Mr. Santos pronounced that he had come to trust a FARC — a step that will be required for many Colombians if an contingent assent understanding is to benefit far-reaching acceptance.

“I have schooled to trust in a frankness of what a FARC wants,” Mr. Santos said, adding that he believed that “they wish to lay down their arms and continue their onslaught by pacific means.”

Many vicious sum still need to be worked out before a final understanding is signed. And Mr. Santos pronounced that winning over Colombians was another obstacle.

Speaking in English, Mr. Santos, who wore a pacifist pin in his lapel, also spoke of a predicament on a limit between Colombia and Venezuela and his new clashes with President Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela.

Mr. Maduro close down several vital limit crossings final month and began deporting hundreds of Colombians, claiming that Colombian paramilitary fighters were partial of a tract to kill him and were masterminding widespread bootlegging that was spiteful Venezuela’s economy.

He indicted a Colombian supervision of giving capitulation to a tract to murder him, called Mr. Santos a liar and observant that Mr. Santos had “lost his senses.”

“That’s nonsense,” Mr. Santos pronounced in a talk on Friday, adding that he had told Mr. Maduro a same thing in a assembly on Monday.

Asked how Mr. Maduro responded, Mr. Santos said, “He altered a subject.”

Mr. Santos steady progressing assertions that Venezuela had mistreated and disregarded a tellurian rights of a deported Colombians. And, referring to his adjacent country’s mercantile crisis, he said, “Venezuela’s problems are done in Venezuela.”

Mr. Santos avoided holding a transparent position on a 14-year jail judgment handed down this month to Leopoldo López, a Venezuelan antithesis politician whose hearing on charges of inciting assault during antigovernment demonstrations has been denounced by a United Nations and a Organization of American States as lacking in due process.

“The Venezuelans explain that they did not violate his process,” Mr. Santos said. “I privately consider that he should have been treated some-more fairly.”