To speed adult swell in rebellious meridian change, policymakers need to build domestic support by investing in clean-energy industries rather than initial penalizing polluters, according to a new routine paper by UC Berkeley researchers.
In a paper, published in a biography Science, a multidisciplinary group of environmental, domestic and authorised experts finds that instead of emphasizing cap-and-trade schemes and penalties on hothouse gas emissions — strategies deliberate to be many fit by many economists — policymakers should start by providing advantages by immature industrial policies, such as subsidies and taxation rebates.
The paper comes in allege of a United Nations Climate Change Conference, that will be hold in Paris in Dec 2015.
“This paper is about how can we build domestic support for swell on meridian policy, toward decarbonizing a appetite systems,” pronounced investigate lead author Jonas Meckling, an partner highbrow in a Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management. “We find that a some-more immature industries form or expand, a stronger a coalitions for decarbonizing appetite systems become. This runs opposite to a prevalent idea that pricing CO is a first-best choice in meridian policymaking.”
‘Carrots buy sticks’
The authors remarkable that while immature industrial routine might seem reduction fit economically, ancillary purify appetite builds domestic support down a line for CO regulation, such as CO prices, that imposes costs on polluting industries. In essence, carrots buy sticks.
“Basically, if we can build domestic support and speed adult a routine altogether by regulating reduction fit though some-more absolute collection adult front, we might still reduce a sum costs in a prolonged run,” pronounced co-author Nina Kelsey, a postdoctoral academician during a Berkeley Roundtable on a International Economy (BRIE).
The authors forked to a dominance for this approach. Two-thirds of all countries and sub-national entities that adopted a CO pricing routine — including meridian leaders such as California, Denmark and Germany — formerly implemented incentives for purify energy, so building domestic support among immature attention for de-carbonization.
Strategies for winning coalitions
The authors advise 3 pivotal strategies for building winning coalitions for de-carbonization. One is to adopt targeted sector-specific policies, such as rebates and subsidies for renewable energy, that yield petrify advantages to firms and households.
The second recommendation is to concentration on approach routine measures, such as renewable portfolio standards and feed-in tariffs, rather than broad, shoal ones. Such policies yield strong advantages to a few, though well-organized renewable appetite firms and investors in low-carbon industries.
The sequence of these moves matter, a authors conclude. Getting buy-in from immature attention will emanate constituencies that yield support for successive meridian routine moves such as pricing carbon.
Source: UC Berkeley