Mantis Shrimp Inspires New Body Armor and Football Helmet Design

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The mantis shrimp is means to regularly lambaste a shells of chase regulating a hammer-like member that can withstand rapid-fire blows by neutralizing certain frequencies of “shear waves,” according to a new investigate paper by University of California, Riverside and Purdue University engineers.

A mantis shrimp in a lab of David Kisailus. Image credit: Carlos Puma

A mantis shrimp in a lab of David Kisailus. Image credit: Carlos Puma

The bar is done of a combination element containing fibers of chitin, a same piece found in many sea crustacean shells and insect exoskeletons though organised in a helicoidal structure that resembles a turn staircase.

This turn architecture, a new investigate shows, is naturally designed to tarry a steady high-velocity blows by filtering out certain frequencies of waves, called shear waves, that are quite damaging.

The commentary could concede researchers to use identical filtering beliefs for a growth of new forms of combination materials for applications including aerospace and automotive frames, physique armor and jaunty gear, including football helmets.

“This is a novel concept,” pronounced David Kisailus, a Winston Chung Endowed Professor in Energy Innovation during UC Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering. “It implies that we can make combination materials means to filter certain highlight waves that would differently repairs a material.”

The “dactyl club” can strech an acceleration of 10,000 Gs, unleashing a fusillade of impacts with a speed of a .22 size bullet.

“The smasher mantis shrimp will strike many times per day. It is amazing,” pronounced Pablo Zavattieri, an associate highbrow in a Lyles School of Civil Engineering and a University Faculty Scholar during Purdue University.

The researchers modeled a structure with a same mathematical equations used to investigate materials in solid-state production and photonics, display a structure possesses “bandgaps” that filter out a deleterious effects of shear waves roving during a speed of sound.

Findings were minute in a investigate paper published online in a biography Acta Biomaterialia. The paper will seem in a destiny imitation emanate of a journal.

Source: NSF, UC Riverside