EIA expects a 40% boost in healthy gas consumed in a U.S. industrial sector, from 9.8 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 2017 to 13.7 quadrillion Btu in 2050, according to the Annual Energy Outlook 2018(AEO2018) Reference case. By 2020, industrial healthy gas expenditure will transcend a prior record set in a early 1970s, according to a AEO2018 Reference case.
The U.S. industrial zone consumes some-more healthy gas than any other sector, leading electric energy in 2017 and a sum residential and blurb sectors in 2010. In 2017, about two-thirds of sum industrial healthy gas expenditure was consumed for feverishness or energy applications—either for industrial processes, such as in furnaces, or for onsite electricity generation.
Several industries including bulk chemicals, food, glass, and metal-based durables used healthy gas for 40% or some-more of their feverishness or energy applications in 2017. EIA expects that these industries will continue to use about a same suit of healthy gas for feverishness or energy applications by 2050 since of a cost compared with fuel switching. Industrial fuel switching mostly involves changing prolongation processes, that requires estimable collateral investment in new equipment.
As a largest healthy gas consumer in a industrial sector, a bulk chemicals attention consumed 3.1 quadrillion Btu of healthy gas in 2017, or a homogeneous of about 3.0 trillion cubic feet. The bulk chemicals attention includes prolongation of organic chemicals (including petrochemicals), fake chemicals, resins, and rural chemicals.
In a AEO2018 Reference case, increases in a bulk chemicals industry’s expenditure of healthy gas outpaces altogether expansion in a industrial zone by 2050, with 51% expansion compared with a zone normal of 40%. Most healthy gas in a bulk chemicals attention is used for feverishness or energy applications, though about 25% of bulk chemical healthy gas expenditure is used for feedstocks in rural chemicals (i.e., fertilizer) and methanol production.
Natural gas feedstock is usually used for rural chemicals and methanol, though hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGL) can be used as feedstock for many simple organic chemicals such as ethylene and propylene, that are used in a prolongation of plastics.
Most HGL prolongation is recovered during healthy gas estimate plants from tender healthy gas streams with high proportions of hydrocarbons other than methane. EIA projects that healthy gas constructed in a Appalachian and Permian basins will comment for many of a expansion in HGL prolongation by 2050.
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