U.S. prolongation of hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGL)—a organisation of products including ethane, propane, butanes, and healthy gasoline—is approaching to boost from 3.86 million barrels per day in 2015 to 4.33 million b/d in 2017, according to EIA’s Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). HGLs are constructed during both healthy gas estimate plants and petroleum refineries, though healthy gas plants are approaching to yield some-more than 95% of a foresee prolongation growth.
Between 2008 and 2015, HGL prolongation during healthy gas estimate plants (including fractionation facilities) increasing as a by-product of a flourishing supply of healthy gas from shale gas and parsimonious oil formations. Projects that increasing a ability to produce, store, transport, export, and devour HGLs enabled a supply of HGLs to enhance during a faster rate than healthy gas production. STEO expects HGL prolongation expansion to continue to overtake healthy gas prolongation expansion in 2016 and 2017, as some-more HGL infrastructure projects are completed.
Ethane production, that was compelled by miss of direct and low prices in new years, is approaching to boost during a faster rate than other HGLs in 2016 and 2017, as stretched petrochemical and trade ability provides new outlets for supply and allows some-more ethane to be recovered from tender healthy gas. Forecast healthy gas plant ethane prolongation increases by 300,000 b/d between 2015 and 2017, accounting for two-thirds of sum HGL prolongation growth.
The United States, that was a net importer of all HGL products in 2007, became a net exporter of healthy gasoline in 2008, of butane and propane in 2011, and of ethane in 2014. Annual normal net propane exports (gross exports reduction sum imports) increasing from 10,000 b/d in 2011 to an estimated 500,000 b/d in 2015, as a ability to trade liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), including propane and butanes, increasing by roughly 1 million b/d.
STEO projects net propane exports to boost to 640,000 b/d in 2016 and to 740,000 b/d in 2017 as exports ramp adult during dual Gulf Coast depot projects that began handling in a second half of 2015, and during another plan scheduled to come online in a second half of 2016. In Mar 2016, a initial waterborne conveyance of ethane left a United States from new ethane trade comforts during Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania. A second ethane trade trickery is approaching to open in a third entertain of 2016 during Morgan’s Point, Texas. STEO projects net ethane exports to boost by 80,000 b/d in 2016 and by 90,000 b/d in 2017 as exports ramp adult during these terminals.
More information about a HGL opinion for production, consumption, infrastructure, and trade is accessible in the Short-Term Outlook for Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids, a addition to EIA’s monthly STEO.