Virtual Reality Helps Researchers Identify Brain Regions Associated with Memory

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It is good famous that memories are not stored as graphic units in a brain, and that one memory can simply trigger another since of common contextual information.

In a new investigate published 18 Jan in a biography Nature Communications, connoisseur tyro Halle Dimsdale-Zucker and colleagues investigated a impasse of a hippocampus — a mind segment compared with memory — in recalling opposite experiences.

In a study, 28 participants were asked to watch several videos done with architectural sketching program by a researchers.

Going from one residence to another, a participants memorised several opposite objects, thereby activating both episodic (which video) and spatial (which house) memory.

The second partial of a investigate had a participants answer a series of questions compared to a objects they have seen, while being scanned inside an fMRI machine. According to Dimsdale-Zuker, this casually triggered contextual information.

More specifically, an area called CA1 was compared with representing common contextual information, while another area, called CA23DG, was related to representing differences in context.

VR helps neuroscientists provoke detached a regions of a hippocampus concerned in opposite forms of memory processing. Image pleasantness of a University of California, Davis.

“Our formula exhibit distinguished differences in retrieval of contextual information opposite a hippocampal sub-fields and yield a singular statistical separateness between CA1 and CA23DG,” wrote a authors in their paper.

While computational specialisation of a hippocampus has already been likely by fatalistic models, this is one of a initial pieces of tangible experimental evidence.

Another engaging anticipating was that, discordant to required thinking, a hippocampus does not usually formula essentially for spatial memories, though is also concerned in episodic memories, joining both time and space.

“What’s sparkling is that it is discerning that we can remember a singular experience, though a hippocampus is also concerned in joining identical experiences,” pronounced Dimsdale-Zucker. “You need both to be means to remember”.

According to Dimsdale-Zucker, practical existence has been proof itself useful for investigate episodic memory within tranquil laboratory conditions, with a useful upshot that as the bargain of memory improves, so could medical treatments for neurodegenerative diseases.

The full paper is openly accessible online.

Source: study, ucdavis.edu.

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