A First: NASA Spots Single Methane Leak from Space

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Comparison of rescued methane plumes over Aliso Canyon, California, acquired 11 days detached in Jan. 2016 by: (left) NASA's AVIRIS instrument on a NASA ER-2 aircraft during 4.1 miles (6.6 kilometers) altitude and (right) by a Hyperion instrument on NASA's Earth Observing-1 satellite in low-Earth orbit. Credits: NASA-JPL/Caltech/GSFC

Comparison of rescued methane plumes over Aliso Canyon, California, acquired 11 days detached in Jan. 2016 by: (left) NASA’s AVIRIS instrument on a NASA ER-2 aircraft during 4.1 miles (6.6 kilometers) altitude and (right) by a Hyperion instrument on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 satellite in low-Earth orbit.
Credits: NASA-JPL/Caltech/GSFC

For a initial time, an instrument onboard an orbiting booster has totalled a methane emissions from a single, specific leaking trickery on Earth’s surface. The regard — by a Hyperion spectrometer on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) — is an critical breakthrough in a ability to eventually magnitude and guard emissions of this manly hothouse gas from space.

In a new paper supposed for announcement in a biography Geophysical Research Letters, a investigate group with scientist David R. Thompson of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, minute a observation, that occurred over Aliso Canyon, nearby Porter Ranch, California. The Hyperion instrument successfully rescued a methane trickle on 3 apart overpasses during a winter of 2015-16. The investigate was partial of an review of a vast random Aliso Canyon methane recover final tumble and winter.

The orbital observations from Hyperion were unchanging with airborne measurements done by NASA’s Airborne/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) imager drifting onboard a NASA ER-2 aircraft.

“This is a initial time a methane emissions from a singular trickery have been celebrated from space,” pronounced Thompson. “The commission of windy methane constructed by tellurian activities stays feeble understood. Future instruments with most larger attraction on orbiting satellites can assistance solve this doubt by contemplating a biggest sources around a world, so that we can improved know and residence this different cause in hothouse gas emissions.”

Other institutions participating in a investigate embody Caltech, Pasadena, California; Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany; and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.

Part of NASA’s New Millennium Program, EO-1 is an modernized land-imaging goal designed to denote new instruments and booster systems. Launched in 2000, EO-1 has certified technologies for a Operational Land Imager used on a Landsat-8 satellite goal and destiny imaging spectrometer missions, and upheld disaster-response applications. The goal is managed by NASA Goddard. A corner beginning between NASA and a U.S. Geological Survey, Landsat represents a world’s longest invariably acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote intuiting data.

Source: NASA