On Jun 7, 2006, a CALIPSO satellite got to work doing something that has done windy scientists very, really happy over a final 10 years.
In an eventuality famous as “First Light,” a satellite, whose name stands for Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation, began collecting lidar measurements of a straight structure and properties of Earth’s clouds and windy aerosols. Those aerosols are done adult of things like dust, sea salt, charcoal and soot.
On a initial day of operation, CALIPSO celebrated a layers of clouds and aerosols in an circuit over eastern Asia, Indonesia and Australia.
Since then, CALIPSO has used a lasers to take some-more than 5.7 billion lidar measurements. Here are only a few of a ways it has combined to a bargain of windy science:
- During NASA’s Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling goal in 2007, CALIPSO helped daydream a lifecycle of cirrus clouds that upsurge out of a tops of charge systems that form over comfortable pleasant oceans.
- CALIPSO has supposing images of a straight placement of clouds in pleasant cyclones — like Typhoon Choi-Wan, that shaped in a Pacific Ocean in 2009.
- In open of 2010, CALIPSO gave researchers an rare demeanour during a huge plume of ash, fume and steam that belched onward from Iceland’s Eyjafjallajokull volcano and brought atmosphere trade over a Atlantic and tools of Europe to a harsh halt.
- CALIPSO has also helped researchers quantify in 3 measure the approach in that a clever winds that brush by a Sahara Desert lift dirt opposite a Atlantic to a Amazon sleet timberland of South America.
“CALIPSO has been an unusually successful mission,” pronounced plan scientist Chip Trepte of NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. “It’s remade a bargain of clouds and given us extensive discernment into their straight structure and where in a atmosphere they form.”
CALIPSO is a corner try between NASA and a French Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, or CNES.